MEDICAL MARIJUANA ORGANIZATIONS
- Center for Medical Cannabis Research (CMCR)
CMCR “will be seen as a model resource for health policy planning by virtue of its close collaboration with federal, state, and academic entities.” It will “conduct high quality scientific studies intended to ascertain the general medical safety and efficacy of cannabis and cannabis products.”
- Medical Marijuana ProCon.org
Medical Marijuana ProCon.org presents laws, studies, statistics, surveys, government reports, and pro/con statements on questions related to marijuana as medicine. For the best overview of this website, start with the 1-Minute Overview, expert responses to our core question "Should marijuana be a medical option?," the "Top 10 Pros and Cons," and fun facts in "Did You Know?"
- American Alliance for Medical Cannabis (AAMC)
"We at AAMC are dedicated to bringing patients, caregivers and volunteers the facts they need to make informed decisions about whether Cannabis is the right medicine for them, the laws surrounding Medicinal Marijuana in your area, political activism and even handy recipes and guides to growing your own nontoxic medicine."
- The Medical Cannabis Institute (MCI)
The MCI was organized to provide Students, Patients and Caregivers fact based information, education and training [...]. Our primary objective is to educate and train the public about the facts and benefits of Medical Cannabis in order to eliminate and correct many of the misconceptions and propaganda that once stigmatized this all natural medicine, and its consumers."
- Veterans for Medical Marijuana Access (VMMA)
"VMMA is committed to protecting the rights of veteran patients and health care professionals by advocating for safe and legal access to [cannabis] for all appropriate therapeutic uses and to encourage research on marijuana as a treatment alternative."
Bibliography- Cannabis (1)
Prepared & Selected bibliography by ANNE LYNN MORGAN, M.D.
PHYSICIAN MEDICAL MARIJUANA ORGANIZATIONS
- International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines (IACM)
“The aim of [IACM] is to advance knowledge on cannabis, cannabinoids, the endocannabinoid system, and related topics especially with regard to their therapeutic potential” by promoting “the exchange of information between researchers, health care practitioners, patients and the public” and providing “reliable information on the pharmacology, toxicology and therapeutic potential of cannabis and modulators of the endocannabinoid system.”
- California Cannabis Research Medical Group (CCRMG)
"The CCRMG is dedicated to conducting quality medical cannabis research, to ensuring the safety and confidentiality of all research subjects, and to maintain the highest quality of standards and risk management.
- Canadian Consortium for the Investigation of Cannabinoids (CCIC)
"The CCIC is a federally registered Canadian nonprofit organization of basic and clinical researchers and health care professionals established to promote evidence-based research and education concerning the endocannabinoid system and therapeutic applications of endocannabinoid and cannabinoid agents."
- International Cannabinoid Research Society (ICRS)
"The ICRS is a non-political and non-religious organization dedicated to scientific research in all fields of the cannabinoids, ranging from biochemical, chemical and physiological studies of the endogenous cannabinoid system to studies of the abuse potential of recreational Cannabis. In addition to acting as a source for impartial information on Cannabis and the cannabinoids, the main role of the ICRS is to provide an open forum for researchers to meet and discuss their research."
- Doctor Evidence
"Doctor Evidence is committed to advancing knowledge acceleration through the use of its advanced DOC—Digital Outcome Conversion—integrated software platform in Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) decision making. The DRE platform encompasses all aspects of EBM work, from study identification/screening to digitization, ontology management and final outputs including evidence tables, statistical analysis, quality grading and more."
MEDICAL MARIJUANA INFORMATION AND RESEARCH
- GW Pharmaceutical
“GW is a pharmaceutical group developing a portfolio of cannabinoid prescription medicines to meet patient needs in a wide range of therapeutic conditions. [...] GW has assembled a large in-house team with extensive experience in developing cannabinoids, medicines containing controlled substances, as well as plant-based prescription pharmaceutical products.”
- Health Canada: Medical Use of Marihuana
“Health Canada grants access to marihuana for medical use to those who are suffering from grave and debilitating illnesses. It is important to note that the Marihuana Medical Access Regulations deal exclusively with the medical use of marihuana.”
- Marijuana: The Forbidden Medicine
“Since marijuana is largely a folk medicine, not yet generally recognized by the medical establishment, the people who know most about it are those who use it on their own. The purpose of our website is to gain access to that body of knowledge and share the information with patients and physicians.”
- Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS)
"We believe that psychedelics and marijuana, when used in proper settings, can be beneficial for such uses as psychotherapeutic treatment, physiological research and treatment, treatment of addiction, pain relief, spiritual exploration, creativity research, shamanic healing, psychic research, brain physiology research and related scientific inquiries. We pursue our research mission by helping and/or sponsoring scientific researchers to design, obtain governmental approval for, fund, conduct and report on psychedelic and marijuana research in human volunteers."
- Paul Armentano: Huffington Post Blog Entries
" These are a collection of articles by Paul Armentano, the Deputy Director of MROML and the NROML Foundation in Washington, DC. He is "an expert in the field of marijuana policy, health, and pharmacology, [and] has spoken at numerous national conferences and legal seminars, testified before state legislatures and federal agencies, and assisted dozens of criminal defense attorneys in cases pertaining to the use of medicinal cannabis, drug testing, and drugged driving."
- Cannabis Medical Dictionary
"Cannabis medical dictionary" with "scientific studies on nature's greatest medicine" edited by Martin Martinez, "advocate of medical marijuana science and law since 1996."
"An interactive, electronic herbal database - provides hyperlinked access to the scientific data underlying the use of herbs for health"
- Medical cannabis: considerations for the anesthesiologist and pain physician
"New regulations are in place at the federal and provincial levels in Canada regarding the way medical cannabis is to be controlled. We present them together with guidance for the safe use of medical cannabis and recent clinical trials on cannabis and pain."
EFFICACY OF CANNABIS
STATE MEDICAL MARIJUANA PROGRAMS
- The Wo/Men's Alliance for Medical Marijuana (WAMM)
"WAMM is a collective of patients and caregivers providing hope, building community and offering medical marijuana on a donation basis. We offer a safe, organic supply of medical marijuana to patients with a doctor's recommendation for the treatment of terminal and chronic illness. WAMM has emerged as a unique model, a patient self-help alliance, and an alternative to the inflated prices of an illicit black market."
- Medical Cannabis Program | by New Mexico Dept. of Health
This is the homepage for the state-sponsored medical cannabis program in New Mexico. It includes applications, FAQs, and further information.
- New Mexico Medical Cannabis Patients Group
"We are a group of medical cannabis patients joining together to help take care of our program. Our group provides a voice for medical cannabis patients, and action on items that affect the New Mexico medical cannabis program."
- Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP)
OMMP is a State registry program that “actively pursues administrative streamlining processes in an effort to better serve our patients while maintaining the highest level of confidentiality.”
- The Medical Cannabis Resource Center (MERCY)
"MERCY is a not-for-profit, grass roots organization founded by patients and other compassionate and concerned citizens in the area and dedicated to helping and advocating for those involved with the [OMMP...]. The purpose is to get medicine to patients in the short-term while working with them to establish their own independent sources."
- Pennsylvanians for Medical Marijuana
PA4MMJ strives "to educate the public about medical marijuana; to stop the arrest of seriously ill residents who use marijuana as a therapy; to offer information and resources to patients; [and] to ensure the passage of the Compassionate Use Medical Marijuana Act."
- Medical Marijuana in Washington State
"Medical marijuana is legal in Washington. The MedMj-WA Website offers free accurate, current news and resources for patients, doctors, providers and police forces about their rights and responsibilities under the state law."
DRUG EDUCATION AND INFORMATION
- Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse (MAMA)
“MAMA addresses issues of substance use, misuse and abuse. [...] They promote personal responsibility and informed decision making by providing where to get accurate information and how to evaluate the risks and benefits of a decision.”
This website provides information about Medical Marijuana in the state of Washington. It includes a patient discussion forum, medical marijuana information, and a link to a Washington-based collective.
- "Marijuana" | by Drug Policy Alliance
“The Drug Policy Alliance is working hard state by state to educate lawmakers about marijuana and to make cannabis available for medicinal purposes for seriously ill people” by providing information about medical marijuana, drug testing, hemp, treatment, and drugged driving.
- The Online Library of Drug Policy | by Drug Reform Coordination Network (DRCNet)
"The world's largest online library of drug policy” includes the Schaffer Library of Drug Policy, the Cannabis Research Library, and information about medical marijuana.
- Drug3K Online Drug Encyclopedia
This online resource provides information for consumers, “featuring detailed information on prescription and medications including description, image drug, use, dosage, storage, precautions, and side effects.”
- Media Awareness Project (MAP) | by DrugSense
“DrugSense and its largest project, MAP, combine to form a non-profit corporation that exists to provide accurate information relevant to drug policy in order to heighten awareness of the extreme damage being caused to our nation and the world by our current flawed and failed ‘War on Drugs.'"
“DrugWatch.com is a comprehensive Web site database featuring extensive information about thousands of different medications and drugs currently on the market or previously available worldwide.”
- Educators for Sensible Drug Policy (EFSDP)
“EFSDP brings the credibility, influence, and training of the teaching profession to drug law debate and reform,” recognizing that “accurate, scientific, reality-based information is necessary in order to make informed decisions about drugs.”
- Get the Facts: DrugWarFacts.org
“Drug War Facts provides reliable information with applicable citations on important public health and criminal justice issues. [...] Our mission is to offer useful facts, cited from authoritative sources, to a debate that is often characterized by myths, error, emotion and dissembling.”
- Oregon Green Free (OGF) Forum: Medical Cannabis Informational Library
“OGF is the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program's (OMMP) premier resource center committed to providing information, education and a sense of unity for those who choose to use medicinal cannabis. [...] Our mission is to enable Medical Cannabis patients, caregivers and growers to become self-sufficient; to create for themselves a higher quality of life through education, use and production of Medicinal Cannabis.”
- Patients Out of Time (POT)
POT “educate[s] all disciplines of health care professionals; their specialty and professional organizations; and the public at large about medical cannabis (marijuana).” It “focus[es] its power to re-institute cannabis as a legitimate medicine for use within the United States.”
- Schaffer Library of Drug Policy
- This resource library includes “major studies of drugs and drug policy, history of the drugs and drug laws, medical marijuana research, government publications on drugs and drug policy, charts and graphs of drug war statistics, [and] information on specific drugs.”
- Drug Policy Alliance Network
“DPA is the nation's leading organization promoting policy alternatives to the drug war that are grounded in science, compassion, health and human rights. [...] Together we [...] seek solutions that promote safety while upholding the sovereignty of individuals over their own minds and bodies.”
- MARINOL® Product Information
“The [US FDA] approved MARINOL® [a synthetic version of a naturally occurring compound known as delta-9-THC] to treat nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy [...]. Delta-9-THC stimulates appetite and reduces nausea and vomiting by binding to special receptors found in the nervous system.”
"This site was started by a group of vaporizer enthusiasts from Amsterdam in June 2008. Our goal is to spread elaborate and honest information about vaporizing. We think it is important to point out that vaporizing is a cleaner, healthier and more effective alternative for smoking. Vaporizers are well on their way to become an industry of their own, as there are many different types of vaporizers on the market. So, we also want to make it easier for others to decide which vaporizer to purchase."
- Home Remodeling for People with Disabilities: What You Need to Know
"For many people, owning and maintaining a home is one of the most significant investments they ever make. But for individuals and veterans living with disabilities, or seniors aging in place, the fact that much of the world outside is not built to accommodate their needs magnifies the value of a comfortable home. It’s vital they and their loved ones have access to the best resources about how to make their homes livable and enjoyable."
- Continuing Medical Education Requirements by State
"In the United States, licensure requirements are established and enforced by the state. Each state medical board requires licensees to obtain certain credentials before seeking licensure. Once a physician has licensure, they must maintain certain professional standards in order to keep their license. Almost every state requires continuing medical education credits as a requisite for continuing licensure within the state."
- All Psychology Schools
"Recently published an in-depth resource ranking the most harmful and addictive substances in the world"
MEDICAL MARIJUANA HISTORY
- "Historical and Cultural Uses of Cannabis and the Canadian Marijuana Clash" by Leah Spicer
"This paper provides a brief summary of the cultural uses of cannabis throughout history. [...] The focus of this paper will be on the much more controversial usage of cannabis.”
- “Marijuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years” by Ernest L. Abel
This online copy of Abel’s book examines the history and use of cannabis, noting that "of all the plants men have ever grown, none has been praised and denounced as often as marijuana.”
- "The Emperor Wears No Clothes" by Jack Herer
“Jack Herer has updated his authoritative history of hemp's myriad uses and of the war on this plant [...]. Herer thoroughly documents the petrochemical industry's plot to outlaw this renewable source of paper.”
- "Cannabis Writings" by Tod H. Mikuriya, MD
This site contains original writings and clinical studies regarding "America's favorite herb" written by Dr. Tod Hiro Mikuriya, a psychiatrist and advocate for the legalization of medicinal marijuana and one of the world's foremost authorities on the uses of medical cannabis.
- The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
"The history of how the Marihuana Tax Act came to be the law of the land. For more background on the history of, and reasons for the Marihuana Tax Act, see also these related documents: 'The History of the Non-Medical Use of Drugs in the United States - a speech by Professor Charles Whitebread to the California Judge's Conference[ [...] Marihuana Tax Act - The full text of the Marihuana Tax Act, as passed in 1937; [and] Conference on Cannabis Sativa L. January 14, 1937."
DRUG POLICY OPINION AND REFORM
“DrugSense and its largest project, MAP, combine to form a non-profit corporation that exists to provide accurate information relevant to drug policy in order to heighten awareness of the extreme damage being caused to our nation and the world by our current flawed and failed ‘War on Drugs.’”
- Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP)
“LEAP is made up of current and former members of the law enforcement [community] who are speaking out about the failures of our existing drug policies” and believe that “a system of regulation and control of these substances (by the government [rather than] the black market) would be a less harmful, less costly, more ethical and more effective public policy.”
- Marijuana Policy Project (MPP)
MPP believes that “marijuana prohibition has failed,” and leads the way with a new approach by [...] lobbying for legislation and running ballot initiative campaigns to allow seriously ill patients to use medical marijuana with their doctors’ recommendations.” They also “focus on removing criminal penalties for marijuana use.”
- The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML)
NORML is a nonprofit, public-interest lobby that opposes marijuana prohibition. They support [“decriminalization”], the removal of all criminal penalties for the private possession and responsible use of marijuana by adults, [and “legalization”], the development of a legally controlled market for marijuana, where consumers could purchase it from a safe, legal and regulated source.”
- California NORML
“California NORML is a non-profit, membership organization dedicated to reforming California's marijuana laws [and establishing] the right of adults to use cannabis legally. [...] We publish a newsletter, lobby lawmakers, sponsor events, offer legal, educational, and consumer health advice, and sponsor scientific research.”
- Americans for Safe Access (ASA)
"ASA is the largest national member-based organization of patients, medical professionals, scientists and concerned citizens promoting safe and legal access to cannabis for therapeutic use and research. ASA works to overcome political and legal barriers by creating policies that improve access to medical cannabis for patients and researchers through legislation, education, litigation, grassroots actions, advocacy and services for patients and the caregivers."
- Students for Sensible Drug Policy (SSDP)
“SSDP is an international grassroots network of students who are concerned about the impact drug abuse has on our communities [...]. SSDP mobilizes and empowers young people to participate in the political process, pushing for sensible policies to achieve a safer and more just future, while fighting back against counterproductive Drug War policies.
- Drug Policy Project (DPP) | by King County Bar Association
KCBA’s Drug Policy Project is “a high-level partnership of lawyers, doctors, pharmacists and other professionals in Washington” working “to find more effective ways to reduce the harm and costs of drug abuse, and of the “War on Drugs” itself. [...] The principal objectives of this effort are: reductions in crime and public disorder; improvement of the public health; better protection of children; and wiser use of scarce public resources.”
- David Bearman, MD webpage
"Dr David Bearman is one of the most clinically knowledgeable physicians in the U.S. in the field of medical marijuana. He has spent 40 years working in substance and drug abuse treatment and prevention programs. Dr. Bearman was a pioneer in the free and community clinic environment. His career includes public health, administrative medicine, provision of primary care, pain management and cannabinology."
- Managing Chronic Pain: A Project of Common sense for Drug Policy
“Online forum about managing chronic pain”
CCIC (Canadian Consortium for Investigation of Cannabinoids)
- Drug Policy Project by King County Bar Association (Washington)
“KCBA's Drug Project is "a high-level partnership of lawyers, doctors, pharmacists and other professionals in Washington" working "to find more effective ways to reduce the harm and costs of drug abuse, and of the "War on Drugs" itself. [...] The principal objectives of this effort are: reductions in crime and public disorder; improvement of the public health better protection of children; and wiser use of scarce public resources."
- Hemp Industries Association (HIA)
“The HIA and HIA Members: Educate the public about the exceptional attributes of hemp products; Facilitate the exchange of information and technology between hemp agriculturists, processors, manufacturers, distributors and retailers; Maintain and defend the integrity of hemp products; [and] Advocate and support socially responsible and environmentally sound business practices."